How to add Depth to Your Mountains in Acrylic Landscape Painting

Depth perception is important, especially when you are painting some landscape images. Landscape painting can be hard, especially when you are doing a recreation of real-life mountain backgrounds. Regardless of the source, mountains and mountain backgrounds tend to look blueish- greyish from a distance. 

A hill could be covered entirely in tall green trees but will still appear blueish or greyish or purple from a distance; whether you are looking through your camera lenses or though your naked eye. The key to making it appear real like this in your painting is by creating a sense of distance and depth in your landscape painting.

How aerial perspective affect landscape painting

What is aerial perspective – it is the optical effect on objects by the atmosphere when you view them from a distance.A good example I how mountain range appears blue as even when covered with green and continues to grow lighter the further you move from that point.

This is caused by so many factors but mainly by the air in the atmosphere. It contains several impurities that act as a filter and also stop some wavelengths of light from reaching the eye or camera lenses.

This is what gives the illusion of lower color value and the color change. Keep in mind that cools colors get filtered so easily which is why mountains look blueish from a distance.

Effect of aerial perspective on land painting

Change on color – As mentioned, aerial perspective can cause a change in color; typically, things tend to appear in a different color from different aerial perspectives

A change in tone – From this perspective, you can see the difference in more than just the color. the atmosphere affects the tone of the mountains and hills as well.

The tone is basically how light or dark the areas of the landscape appear through your eye of camera lenses.  The changes in mountains and landscape images are most noticeable on the dark contours and tones.

The lines – it is also very useful to remember that the smoothness and intensity of the lines will change. Typically, they get very blurry and hard to notice. On landscape images of hills and mountains, you notice the margin separating the mountain from the sky is blurry and unsharp.

Points to remember when painting landscape images

Increasing the distance between you and the mountain creates a decrease in contrast between the background which is mostly usually the sky and the mountain.

Also, the colors will start becoming less intense and disappear into the background (the sky) this explains why the furthest mountains look bluish, purple of greyish. Increasing the distance only makes the color change effect even more pronounced.

The dark tones are more altered than light tones when it comes to aerial perspective. For instance, dark green trees will have more color and tone change when compared o light green.

Basically, the further away you move from the landscape, the less detailed it will be in your eyes or in the eyes of a camera lens.